2017-18 Academic Catalog

Geosciences

Department Head: Dr. John C. Rodgers, III
Graduate Coordinator: Dr. Renee Clary

Hilbun 108
Box 5448
Mississippi State, MS  39762
Telephone: 662-325-3915
On-Campus Programs
Email: tina@geosci.msstate.edu
Distance Learning Programs
E-mail: mary@geosci.msstate.edu

Admission

The Department of Geosciences offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science degree in Geoscience and the Doctor of Philosophy degree in Earth and Atmospheric Science.  An applicant to the program must have an undergraduate GPA of at least 2.75 on a scale of 4.00 for entry to the master’s program and at least 3.00 at both the undergraduate and graduate level for entry to the doctoral program.  The general GRE is required of all on-campus applicants.

Although helpful, an undergraduate background in Geosciences is not a prerequisite for admission into the M.S. in Geoscience program.  Applicants to the master’s program in the Broadcast or Professional Meteorology concentrations are required to have passed Calculus I prior to arrival on campus, and the completion of Calculus II will greatly improve the chances of being accepted.  All other master’s applicants are recommended to have completed Calculus I.

Applicants to the doctoral program are required to have completed a thesis-based master’s degree and have a background in one of the departmental emphasis areas. All applicants for the Doctoral program must identify a mentor (dissertation supervisor) prior to acceptance into the program. Applicants who have not completed a thesis or are from other science disciplines will be considered on a case-by-case basis through a petition, initiated by the identified mentor, to the department’s graduate faculty.  The doctoral degree student should anticipate a four-year program of study.  Depending on the applicant’s emphasis area of interest, Calculus I and II may be required for admission.

The application package must contain the application for admission; at least three letters of reference; official bachelor’s degree transcript; official transcripts from all colleges attended after earning the bachelor’s degree (both undergraduate and graduate work); and a statement of purpose.  An applicant for the Main Campus program is required to take the GRE.  A student admitted to the Broadcast Meteorology concentration can only begin studies in the fall term.  The application deadline for consideration for assistantship funding is January 1.

Provisional Admission

An applicant who has not fully met the GPA requirement stipulated by the University may be admitted on a provisional basis. The provisionally-admitted student is eligible for a change to regular status after receiving a 3.00 GPA on the first 9 hours of graduate courses at Mississippi State University (with no grade lower than a C).  The first 9 hours of graduate courses must be within the student's program of study.  Courses with an S grade, transfer credits, or credits earned while in Unclassified status cannot be used to satisfy this requirement.  If a 3.00 is not attained, the provisional student shall be dismissed from the graduate program.  Academic departments may set higher standards for students to fulfill provisional requirements; a student admitted with provisional status should contact the graduate coordinator for the program’s specific requirements.  While in the provisional status, a student is not eligible to hold a graduate assistantship.

Academic Performance

The Department of Geosciences follows the Graduate School guidelines regarding academic dismissal from an academic program.  Additionally, a grade of U given for thesis or dissertation research hours, three grades of C,  or a grade of D or F for any regular class will result in dismissal from the program. A student in the Broadcast Meteorology concentration who earns a C in the first year of graduate study will be required to take a proficiency exam in the summer before the second year.  Unsatisfactory performance on the exam will result in dismissal from the program.

Concentration Descriptions

  • The Applied Meteorology Program is designed for individuals with meteorological, environmental or hazards-related careers.  This non-thesis concentration is offered through distance education.
  • The Broadcast Meteorology concentration is designed for students intending to pursue meteorology careers in media.  This non-thesis concentration combines meteorology coursework with the Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology sequence.
  • Environmental Geosciences is a non-thesis concentration intended for students interested in a broader cross-section of the geosciences. It is offered both on-campus and through distance education.
  • The Geography concentration is a thesis-based program appropriate for students interested in studying the spatial distribution of cultural and physical features across the Earth’s surface.  It can be tailored toward specific interests in either human or physical geography.
  • The Geology concentration is thesis-based and intended to prepare students for careers in professional geology or further graduate study.
  • The concentration in Geospatial Sciences is a thesis-based program designed to prepare students to use geospatial technologies to provide insight into Earth and atmospheric processes.
  • The Professional Meteorology/Climatology concentration is thesis-based and is intended to prepare students for forecasting careers or further graduate study.
  • The Teachers in Geosciences concentration is a two-year, 36 credit hour program of study offered through distance education.  It is designed primarily for K-12 science teachers.

Master of Science Programs of Study

Both a thesis track and a non-thesis track are available at the master’s level for both on-campus and distance learning delivery methods.

General Departmental Requirements

Both options require competency in statistics or a foreign language.  A student enrolled in a non-thesis concentration may petition the graduate faculty to complete a thesis.  The department will not approve the request unless a faculty member has agreed to serve as major professor and a committee can be assembled. The department follows the Graduate School guidelines regarding the minimum number of course hours that must be at 8000-level or higher.  

The department has on-campus concentrations in the following areas.

  • Broadcast Meteorology
  • Environmental Geosciences
  • Geography
  • Geology
  • Geospatial Sciences
  • Professional Meteorology/Climatology

The department also offers the following concentrations through distance education:

  • Applied Meteorology Program (AMP)
  • Environmental Geosciences (ENGS)
  • Teachers In Geosciences (TIG)

The AMP is designed for individuals who are already in meteorological, environmental, or hazards-related careers. The Environmental Geosciences concentration is intended for individuals interested in a broader cross-section of the geosciences. The TIG concentration is primarily designed for in-service teachers. 

 A student admitted to the Applied Meteorology program (AMP) must hold a B.S. degree in a science and have completed GR 4713 or its equivalent.  A student who is admitted in the graduate program in Geosciences in the Broadcast Meteorology concentration must successfully complete a background assessment test in meteorology.  The test will be administered during the spring of each year.  A student scoring less than 80% on this test must successfully complete (grade of B or better) GR 1603 from MSU by Distance Learning before starting his or her initial enrollment on campus for study in Broadcast Meteorology. A student admitted to the Environmental Geosciences concentration must have completed GG 1113 and GR 1603 or their equivalents.  All prerequisite courses may be taken through distance education prior to enrolling in the graduate programs. Specific classes may require further prerequisites.

Master of Science in Geosciences with Applied Meteorology Concentration

GR 8553Research Methods in Geoscience3
GR 6303Principles of GIS3
GR 8833Weather and Society3
GR 8453Quantitative Analysis in Climatology3
GR 8573Research in Applied Meteorology3
Select at least one of the following:3
Severe Weather
Tropical Meteorology
Select at least nine hours from the following: 19
Advanced GIS
Remote Sensing of the Physical Environment
Numerical Weather Prediction
Climatology
Satellite and Radar Meteorology
Dynamic Meteorology I
Dynamic Meteorology II
Ocean Science
Environmental Geoscience
Hydrology
Hydrometeorology
Hydrometeorology
Climate Change
Advanced Hazards and Disasters
Foundations in Forecasting
Advanced Forecasting Techniques
Additional graduate-level coursework 29
Total Hours36
1

Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee and with appropriate documentation. They must be noted on the program of study. Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

A research project presentation and a written and oral comprehensive examination are required.

Master of Science in Geosciences, Broadcast Meteorology Concentration

GR 8553Research Methods in Geoscience3
Select at least 9 hours from the following: 19
Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology I
Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology II
Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology III
Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology IV
Applied Climatology
Physical Meteorology
Synoptic Meteorology
Satellite and Radar Meteorology
Dynamic Meteorology I
Geography of North America
Natural Hazards and Processes
Advanced Mesoscale Meteorology
Quantitative Analysis in Climatology
Additional graduate-level coursework 224
Total Hours36
1

A student who has taken any of these 9 hours in an undergraduate Geosciences program may substitute these or other appropriate MSU graduate-level courses.  Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee. They must be noted on the program of study. Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

 A research project presentation and a written and oral comprehensive examination are required.

Master of Science in Geosciences with Environmental Geosciences Concentration

GR 8553Research Methods in Geoscience3
GR 8410Field Methods Seminar3
or GR 8573 Research in Applied Meteorology
Select at least 9 hours from the following: 19
Resources and the Environment
Development of Fossil Fuel Resources
Principles of GIS
Advanced GIS
Remote Sensing of the Physical Environment
Geomorphology
Coastal Environments
Urban Geography
Physical Hydrogeology
Natural Hazards and Processes
Climatology
Applied Climatology
Ocean Science
Environmental Geoscience
Climate Change
Advanced Hazards and Disasters
Additional graduate-level coursework 215
Total Hours30
1

 A student who has taken any of these 9 hours in an undergraduate Geosciences program may substitute these or other appropriate MSU graduate-level courses. Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee. They must be noted on the program of study.  Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

 A capstone research project (oral presentation and paper) and a written and oral comprehensive examination are required.

Master of Science in Geosciences with Geography Concentration 

GG 8561Geoscience Seminar1
GR 8542Geographic Literature2
or GG 8572 Geologic Literature
Select at least 9 hours from the following: 19
Urban Geography
Geography of North America
Geography of Latin America
Geography of Europe
Geography of Asia
Geography of Russia and the Former Soviet Republics
Geography of Africa
Geography of the South
Geography of Islamic World
Advanced Cultural Geography
Additional graduate-level coursework12
GR 8000Thesis Research/ Thesis in Geography 26
Total Hours30
1

 A student who has taken any of these 9 hours in an undergraduate Geosciences program may substitute these or other appropriate MSU graduate-level courses. Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee. They must be noted on the program of study.  Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

 A thesis defense / comprehensive exam is required.

Master of Science in Geosciences with Geology Concentration

GG 8561Geoscience Seminar1
GR 8542Geographic Literature2
or GG 8572 Geologic Literature
Select at least 9 hours from the following: 19
Resources and the Environment
Development of Fossil Fuel Resources
Mineralogy
Petrology
Engineering Geology
Practicum in Paleontology
Principles of Paleobiology
Applied Geophysics
Principles of Sedimentary Deposits I
Gulf Coast Stratigraphy
Structural Geology
Subsurface Methods
Principles of Sedimentary Deposits II
Geomorphology
Coastal Environments
Physical Hydrogeology
Chemical Hydrogeology
Regional Geology of Eastern North America
Additional graduate-level coursework12
GG 8000Thesis Research/ Thesis in Geosciences 26
Total Hours30
1

 A student who has taken any of these 9 hours in an undergraduate Geosciences program may substitute these or other appropriate MSU graduate-level courses. Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee. They must be noted on the program of study.  Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

 Thesis defense / comprehensive exam is required.

Master of Science in Geosciences with Geospatial Sciences Concentration

GG 8561Geoscience Seminar1
GR 8542Geographic Literature2
or GG 8572 Geologic Literature
Select at least 9 hours from the following: 19
Principles of GIS
Advanced GIS
Cartographic Sciences
Remote Sensing of the Physical Environment
Geographic Information Systems Programming
Remote Sensing Seminar
Advanced Geodatabase Systems
Additional graduate-level coursework12
GR 8000Thesis Research/ Thesis in Geography 26
Total Hours30
1

 A student who has taken any of these 9 hours in an undergraduate Geosciences program may substitute these or other appropriate MSU graduate-level courses.  Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee.  They must be noted on the program of study.  Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

 A thesis defense / comprehensive exam is required.

Master of Science in Geosciences with Professional Meteorology/Climatology Concentration - Thesis

GG 8561Geoscience Seminar1
GR 8542Geographic Literature2
or GG 8572 Geologic Literature
Select at least 9 hours from the following: 19
Applied Climatology
Physical Meteorology
Synoptic Meteorology
Satellite and Radar Meteorology
Dynamic Meteorology I
Dynamic Meteorology II
Natural Hazards and Processes
Advanced Mesoscale Meteorology
Quantitative Analysis in Climatology
Additional graduate-level coursework12
GR 8000Thesis Research/ Thesis in Geography 26
Total Hours30
1

A student who has taken any of these 9 hours in an undergraduate Geosciences program may substitute these or other appropriate MSU graduate-level courses.  Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee.  They must be noted on the program of study. Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

 Thesis defense / comprehensive exam is required.

Master of Science in Geosciences with Teachers in Geosciences Concentration

GR 8553Research Methods in Geoscience3
Select 15 hours from the following: 115
Climatology
Ocean Science
Environmental Geoscience
Field Methods in Geosciences
Field Methods Seminar 2
Additional graduate-level coursework 318
Total Hours36
1

Substitutions may be made with the approval of the major professor and committee and with appropriate documentation. They must be noted on the program of study.  Note: A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

2

Four (4) credits required, may also be repeated for 3 hours of electives.

3

 A research project presentation and a written and oral comprehensive examination are required.

Doctoral Program of Study

Doctor of Philosophy in Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

GG 8913Research, Readings, and Techniques in Geosciences3
GR 8913Philosophy and Ethics in Geosciences3
GG 9000Dissertation Research /Dissertation in Geology20
or GR 9000 Dissertation Research /Dissertation in Geography
Additional courses offered within the Department of Geosciences 110
Total Hours36
1

At the discretion of the student’s Ph.D. committee, other courses offered from MSU may also be used to satisfy this requirement. Six hours must be at the 8000 level. Note:  A split-level course completed at the undergraduate level cannot be repeated on the graduate level for use on the program of study.

The doctoral program will include 36 hours beyond the master’s and the completion of a dissertation.  Written and oral comprehensive examinations are administered at the end of required coursework.  A dissertation proposal defense is also required. 

GG 6033 Resources and the Environment: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. Formation and development of natural resources involving the basic evolution, planning, and design of a typical lignite coal mine, including environmental monitoring and reclamation

GG 6063 Development of Fossil Fuel Resources: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. Formation, deposition, and extraction of fossil fuel resources. Petroleum and coal will be the main fossil fuels examined

GG 6103 Geology I: Processes and Products: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours lecture (video and online). Principles of physical geology with emphasis on earth materials and processes, rock and mineral identification, and landscape development. Primarily for K-12 science teachers

GG 6113 Micropaleontology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 1123 or equivalent). Three hours lecture. A study of microscopic fossils. May be taken with GG 4201

GG 6114 Mineralogy: 4 hours.

(Prerequisites: GG 1113 and CH 1223, or equivalents). Three hours lecture. Three hours laboratory. The physical and chemical properties of minerals; crystallography, origin, distribution, association, uses, and identification of minerals

GG 6123 Petrology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 4114, or equivalent). Two hours lecture. Three hours laboratory. The origin, occurrence, and classification of the major rock types

GG 6153 Engineering Geology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 1113 or equivalent). Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Application of geologic principles to location and construction of engineering structures; engineering properties of geologic materials; engineering application of equipment used by geologists

GG 6201 Practicum in Paleontology: 1 hour.

(Prerequisites: GG 1123 or equivalent). One hour lecture. Two hours laboratory. Laboratory for GG 4203, but may instead be taken with GG 4113 or GG 4133. A practicum in morphology of fossils, biostratigrapgy, and paleoecology

GG 6203 Principles of Paleobiology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisites: GG 1123 or equivalents). Three hours lecture. Three hours laboratory. An introductory study of topics in paleobiology. May be taken with GG 4201

GG 6233 Applied Geophysics: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. A survey of the basic principles and applications of geophysics with major emphasis on petroleum exploration

GG 6304 Principles of Sedimentary Deposits I: 4 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 4114/6114 or consent of instructor. Three hours lecture. Three hours laboratory. Treatment of sediment and sedimentary rock. Emphasis on texture, fluid processes, deposition, structure, and diagenesis; stratigraphic analysis; and application to subsurface flow systems

GG 6333 Geowriting: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. Prepares students to present geosciences information through research papers and other forms of professional communication. Emphasizes writing for careers or advanced study in the geosciences

GG 6403 Gulf Coast Stratigraphy: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 4304 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture or field trips. Systematic study of the stratigraphy of the Gulf Coast; actual field experience substituted for class work,when conditions permit

GG 6413 Structural Geology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisites: GG 4123 or consent of instructor). Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Application of the principles of mechanics to the forces deforming the rocks of the Earth's crust; emphasis on structures in sedimentary rocks

GG 6433 Subsurface Methods: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 4443 and GG 4413, or equivalent). One hour lecture. Four hours laboratory. The study of subsurface geologic methods including contouring, sampling study, various types of logging, and the interpretation of subsurface data

GG 6443 Principles of Sedimentary Deposits II: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 4304). Three hours lecture. Application of principles from GG 4304. Introduces facies associations produced in depositional environments, systems, and systems tracts, tectonics and sedimentation, basin classification, and sequence analysis

GG 6503 Geomorphology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. The origin and characteristics of land forms based on a consideration of geologic processes, stages of development, and geological structure

GG 6523 Coastal Environments: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 1113 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. An introduction to world coastal environments, with emphasis upon major shoreline-shaping processes, geographical variation in coastal landforms, human impacts, and environmental concerns

GG 6533 Geosciences Study Abroad: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: consent of instructor). Three hours study abroad. Identification of landforms and geomorphic processes and the field data collection techniques. Emphasis on human-environmental interactions

GG 6613 Physical Hydrogeology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 3613 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. Advanced study of the interrelationship of ground water and its geologic environment with emphasis on occurrence, distribution, and movement

GG 6623 Chemical Hydrogeology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: CE 3523, CE 8563, or GG 4613/6613 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. Advanced study of groundwater and its environment with emphasis on the chemical interaction of water with porous solids and the transport of chemical constituents

GG 6633 Introduction to Geochemistry: 3 hours.

GG 6990 Special Topics in Geosciences: 1-9 hours.

Credit and title to be arranged. This course is to be used on a limited basis to offer developing subject matter areas not covered in existing courses. (Courses limited to two offerings under one title within two academic years)

GG 7000 Directed Individual Study in Geosciences: 1-6 hours.

Hours and credits to be arranged. (Prerequisite: Consent of student's advisor and instructor). Same as G.C.R.L. MS-700

GG 8000 Thesis Research/ Thesis in Geosciences: 1-13 hours.

Hours and credits to be arranged

GG 8123 Geology II: Earth, Time and Life: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 6103 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture, video and online. Principles of historical geology with emphasis on geological time, earth history, fossils, evolution, and extinction. Primarily for K-12 science teachers

GG 8133 Rocks and Minerals: 3 hours.

Three hours video and online. Prinicples of mineralogy with an emphasis on rock formation and classification

GG 8203 Ocean Science: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GG 6103 or consent of instructor ).Three hours video and online. Comprehensive examination of the ocean world, focusing on the topography, physics, chemistry, and circulation of the oceans. Primarily for K-12 science teachers

GG 8233 Environmental Geoscience: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 6103 or consent of instructor). Three hours video and online. Study of current environmental problems associated with the earth science realms; atmosphere, bioshpere, hydroshpere, and lithosphere. Primarily for K-12 science teachers

GG 8313 History of Life: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:Consent of instructor). Three hours video and online. Paleontological principles with an emphasis on history of life through geological time

GG 8333 Planetary Science: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 6103 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture, video and online. Examination of mineral matter and geological processes of the moon, the planets, asteroids, comets and meteorites. Primarily for K-12 teachers

GG 8343 Paleontology of Dinosaurs: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture video and online. Application of evolutionary and taxonomic principles to the study of dinosaurs and their paleoenvironments. This course is designed as a distance learning course for in-service teachers who are required to teach earth science topics with little or no background knowledge in this subject

GG 8423 Earthquakes and Volcanoes: 3 hours.

Three hours video and online. A study of plate tectonic boundary interactions with an emphasis on earthquakes and volcanoes

GG 8503 Landforms: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours video and online. Geomorphological principles with an emphasis on landforms of North America and their formation

GG 8561 Geoscience Seminar: 1 hour.

(Prerequisite: Graduate standing). Review of current geoscience literature; preparation and presentation of formal papers

GG 8572 Geologic Literature: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite: Major in geology). A reading course with emphasis on library research

GG 8613 Hydrology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GG 6103 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture, video and online. Investigation of the occurrence, distribution, movement, and chemistry of earth's waters. Emphasis on geological controls of surface and groundwater. Primarily for K-12 science teachers

GG 8713 Regional Geology of Eastern North America: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Major in geology). Three hours lecture. A study of physiography, structure, and stratigraphy of eastern North America

GG 8733 Geology of North America: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:Consent of instructor). Three hours video and online. Plate tectonic evolution of the North American continent with emphasis on both process and stratigraphic development

GG 8743 Basin Analysis: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. Advanced geologic basin analysis taught through the application of stratigraphic, structural, geophysical, and sedimentologic techniques and professional tools

GG 8913 Research, Readings, and Techniques in Geosciences: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: consent of instructor). Three hours seminar. Writing and discussion of topics related to the conduct of research in the Geosciences with a focus on faculty research areas

GG 8990 Special Topics in Geosciences: 1-9 hours.

Credit and title to be arranged. This course is to be used on a limited basis to offer developing subject matter areas not covered in existing courses. (Courses limited to two offerings under one title within two academic years)

GG 9000 Dissertation Research /Dissertation in Geology: 1-13 hours.

Hours and credit to be arranged

GR 6113 Meteorology I: Observations: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture(online) Principles of meteorology with emphasis on elements, controls, and forecasting of atmospheric phenomena. Concentration on daily weather observation and the movement of weather systems. Primarily for K-12 teachers

GR 6123 Urban Geography: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. Historic trends in distribution and growth of urban settlements, urban location theory; economic bases, functions, and structure of cities and metropolitan areas; urban problems; planning

GR 6203 Geography of North America: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. A regional survey of the United States and Canada with emphasis upon place names, physical landscapes, historical settlement patterns, cultural regions, and environmental issues

GR 6213 Geography of Latin America: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. A regional survey of Latin America with emphasis upon place names, physical environments, cultural landscapes and their evolution, and environmental issues

GR 6223 Geography of Europe: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. A regional survey of Europe with emphasis upon placements, physical environments, cultural landscapes, geopolitical evolution, and environment issues

GR 6233 Geography of Asia: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. A regional survey of Asia with emphasis upon placenames, physical geography, cultural diversity and cultural landscapes, geopolitical conflicts, and environmental issues

GR 6243 Geography of Russia and the Former Soviet Republics: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. A regional survey of the former Soviet Union republics with emphasis upon placenames, physical environments, ethnic diversity, geopolitical evolution, and environmental issues

GR 6253 Geography of Africa: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. A regional survey of the African continent with emphasis upon placenames, physical geography, cultural diversity and cultural landscapes, geopolitical changes, and environmental issues

GR 6263 Geography of the South: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. A regional survey of the South with emphasis upon physical and cultural landscapes, settlement patterns, ethnic diversity, tourism development, and environmental issues

GR 6283 Geography of Islamic World: 3 hours.

A regional survey of Islamic countries of the world with emphasis upon physical landscapes, cultural landscapes and their evolution, geopolitical conflicts and environmental issues

GR 6303 Principles of GIS: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Junior or graduate standing or consent of instructor) Two hours lecture and two hours laboratory. Spatial analysis and topological relationships of geographic data using Geographic Information Systems, with emphasis on GIS theory

GR 6313 Advanced GIS: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4303/6303 or consent of instructor). Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Vector-based file structure and GIS queries using spatial and geodatabases attributes. Descriptive and prescriptive modeling in the raster domain including regression and linear weighted modeling

GR 6323 Cartographic Sciences: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Junior or graduate standing or consent of instructor.) Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Principles of cartographic theory and map design. Types of maps, map projections, proportional symbols, use of color, mapping and statistics, interactive maps, and map animation

GR 6333 Remote Sensing of the Physical Environment: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 3303, GR 3311 or consent of instructor). Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Examines remote sensing methods applicable to large-area analyses of watershed-level drainage systems, urban landscape, landscape vegetation metrics, physical landscape structural components and atmospheric features

GR 6343 Advanced Remote Sensing in Geosciences: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Either GR 4333/6333, ECE 4423/6423, or FO 4452/6452 or consent of instructor). Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Geospatial image analysis; Theoretical basis of radiative transfer in atmosphere and water column; Quantitative remote sensing techniques and geospatial product development

GR 6353 Geodatabase Design: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 4303/6303 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. Examination of Geodatabase structures. Integration of relational databases with Geographic Information Systems. Management of spatial data using geodatabases. Implementation of Geodatabase processes through spatial programming

GR 6363 Geographic Information Systems Programming: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Either GR 4303/6303 or consent of instructor). Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Design and implementation of geoprocessing scripts. Incorporation of modeling languages within geographic information systems (GIS) analysis. Seamless integration of other software programs with GIS software

GR 6402 Weather Analysis I: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 1603 or equivalent). One hour lecture. Two hours laboratory. Introduction to real-time weather information such as Difax charts, satellite and radar imagery, and text data. Emphasis on Nowcasting

GR 6411 Remote Sensing Seminar: 1 hour.

(Prerequisite:Junior Standing). One hour lecture. Lectures by remote sensing experts from industry, academia, and governmental agencies on the next- generation systems, applications, and economic and societal impact of remote sensing. May be repeated for credit up to four credits. (Same as PSS 4411/6411, ECE 4411/6411, FO 4411/6411)

GR 6412 Weather Analysis II: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 4402/6402). One hour lecture. Two hours laboratory. Continuation of Weather Analysis I. Advanced analysis of weather data in Nowcasting

GR 6422 Weather Forecasting I: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 4412/6412). One hour lecture. Two hours laboratory. Introduction to the process of creating and disseminating weather forecasts. Use of current weather data in creating daily forecsts for the local area

GR 6432 Weather Forecasting II: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4422/6422). One hour lecture. Two hours laboratory. Continuation of Weather Forecasting I. Emphasis placed on disseminating both oral and written forecasts for the local area

GR 6473 Numerical Weather Prediction: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). This course provides students with an overview of the theory, processes, developments and applications of existing numerical weather prediction platforms

GR 6502 Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology I: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 1603 or equivalent). One hour lecture. Two laboratory. Introduction to developing a weather story with emphasis on producing weather graphics for television, chroma key mechanics, and weathercast communication

GR 6512 Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology II: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4502/6502). One hour lecture. Two hours laboratory. Continuation of Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology I with emphasis on weather graphics production, weathercast performance, image, and communication. Supported by lab practice

GR 6522 Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology III: 2 hours.

Prerequisite: GR 4512/6512. One hour lecture. Two hours laboratory. Emphasis on advanced weathercasting, including field reporting, severe weather, and building graphics. Students are assigned actual television weather shows, with performance emphasis in the lab

GR 6532 Practicum in Broadcast Meteorology IV: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4522/6522).One hour lecture.Two hours laboratory. Emphasis on the weathercasting job market in television. Students create actual television weather shows, and focus on producing a resume tape during the semester

GR 6553 Computer Methods in Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 1603 or graduate status). Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Overview of computational methods and techniques commonly used in operational meteorology, focusing on scientific visualization and analysis, and numerical weather prediction

GR 6603 Climatology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 1114 or GR 1123, or equivalent). Three hours lecture. Study of the elements and controls of weather and climate, distribution and characteristics of climatic regions

GR 6613 Applied Climatology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisites: GR 1603 or equivalent.) Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Problem solving in today's world in topics such as bioclimatology, agricultural climatology and land use climatology

GR 6623 Physical Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 1603). An investigation of cloud physics/precipitation processes and solar/terrestrial radiation, including atmospheric dynamics, atmospheric electricity, optics, and instrumentation

GR 6633 Statistical Climatology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisites: GR 1603 or GG 1113 or equivalent and MA 1313 or MA 1713).Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. A survey of the types of statistical weather data available. Manipulation of the data on various temporal and spatial scales

GR 6640 Meteorological Internship: 1-6 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Hours and credits to be arranged. Internship with television station, private company or government agency under supervision of instructor

GR 6643 Physical Climatology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 1603 Introduction to Meteorology). Three hours lecture. An investigation of the physical aspects of Earth’s climate, including interactions between the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and land surface, and how they are affected by climate variability and change

GR 6713 Synoptic Meteorology I: 3 hours.

(Prerequisites: GR 1603 or equivalent.) Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Fundamental principles behind weather forecasting. Physical processes in the atmosphere, atmospheric circulation systems, air mass analysis, frontogenesis and frontolysis

GR 6733 Synoptic Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 1603 and MA 1713) Three hour lecture. Principles and derivation of meteorological theory. Emphasis on energy exchanges, atmospheric moisture, physical processes of atmospheric motion, air masses and fronts, and cyclogenesis

GR 6753 Satellite and Radar Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 1603.) Three hours lecture. Study of the history, the operations, and the applications of satellites and radar in weather analysis. Theory of meteorological measurements in determinations of atmospheric structure

GR 6813 Natural Hazards and Processes: 3 hours.

(Prerequisites: GR 1114 or equivalent.) Three hours lecture. A survey of natural phenomena in geology, oceanography and astronomy as applied to meteorology. Detailed study of earthquakes, volcanoes, ocean movements, and solar activity

GR 6823 Dynamic Meteorology I: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4733/6733) Three hours lecture. In-depth examination of theoretical methods for determining atmospheric stability and the tools necessary to interrogate the vertical profile of the atmosphere

GR 6841 Observations of Severe Local Storms: 1 hour.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). One hour field experience. Real-world practice in forecasting,nowcasting observation, and reporting of severe storms in U.S. Great Plains

GR 6842 Forecasting Severe Local Storms: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor.) One hour lecture and two hour lab. This course provides a theoretical overview and practical application of the severe local storms forecasting process

GR 6843 Field Methods of Severe Local Storms: 3 hours.

Prerequisite: consent of instructor). Two hours lecture. One hour field experience. Application of the latest synoptic and mesoscale severe weather forecasting methods concluding with field operations in the U.S. Great Plains

GR 6883 Radar Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 4733.) Two hours lecture. Two hours lab. Study of the history, the operation, and the application of radar in weather analysis. Theory and application of radar measurements in the determination of meteorological threats

GR 6913 Thermodynamic Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4723/6723 or equivalent). Three hours lecture. Examination of the meteorological stability within the earth's atmosphere. Focus on analysis of the various stability indices related to predicting severe weather

GR 6923 Severe Weather: 3 hours.

(Prerequisities: GR 4913/6913 or equivalent).Three hours lecture. Descriptive study of severe and unusual weather across the earth. Explanation of variations in severe weather in both spatial and temporal scales

GR 6933 Dynamic Meteorology II: 3 hours.

Three hours lecture. (Prerequisite GR 4823/6823 and MA 2733) Quantitative analysis and consideration of atmospheric circulation including jet streams, mid-latitude cyclones, vorticity and atmospheric kinetics

GR 6943 Tropical Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Three hours lecture. Topics include the dynamics and circulation of the tropical atmosphere, characteristics of tropical cyclones, and forecasting methodologies for tropical weather

GR 6963 Mesoscale Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4913/6913). Three hours lecture. Descriptive and physical understanding of Mesoscale processes and their relevance to the synoptic environment. A strong focus will be placed upon Severe Local Storms

GR 6990 Special Topics in Geography: 1-9 hours.

Credit and title to be arranged. This course is to be used on a limited basis to offer developing subject matter areas not covered in existing courses. (Courses limited to two offerings under one title within two academic years)

GR 7000 Directed Individual Study in Geography: 1-6 hours.

Hours and credits to be arranged

GR 8000 Thesis Research/ Thesis in Geography: 1-13 hours.

Hours and credits to be arranged

GR 8123 Meteorology II: Forecasting and Storms: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 6113 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture, video and online. Continuation of Meteorology I. Emphasis on the forecasting of daily weather events and on severe weather. Primarily for K-12 science teachers

GR 8133 Foundations in Forecasting: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 8123 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture (online). Emphasis on daily weather forecasting at the synoptic and meso scales and introduction and investigation of advanced methods

GR 8143 Advanced Forecasting Techniques: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor), Three hours lecture. Regional and mesoscale forecasting topics and techniques, including coastal meteorology,mountain meteorology, fire weather, aviation meteorology and winter weather

GR 8191 Geoscience Review: 1 hour.

(Prerequisites: 30 hours of GR/GG graduate work and consent of instructor.) One hour seminar. Conduit for interactions with faculty members to assist students in preparing for comprehensive assessment in distance learning degree programs

GR 8303 Advanced Geodatabase Systems: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite:GR 4353/6353 or Consent of instructor.) Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. Examination of database structures utilized in geospatial information systems. Design and use of geospatial databases through spatial programming in development and implementation of spatial models

GR 8313 Advanced Cultural Geography: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. Study and analysis of population distribution, densities, and movements; rural and urban settlement patterns and features; principles of cultural geography

GR 8333 Field Techniques in Remote Sensing: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Either GR 4333/6333, ECE 4423/6423 or FO 4452/6452 or consent of instructor). Three hours lecture. Field spectroscopy or proximal sensing; Experiment design and data collection using in situ sensor; Data analysis, model calibration, and validation to quantify biophysical parameters

GR 8400 Field Methods in Geosciences: 1-3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Hours and credits to be arranged. May be taken twice. Provides field experience in the geosciences through planned and supervised outdoor projects and field trips

GR 8410 Field Methods Seminar: 3-4 hours.

(3-4 hours, credits to be arranged). (Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). May be repeated for credit two times. A seminar providing synthesis of multiple Geoscience subtopics held in rotating field experience locations

GR 8453 Quantitative Analysis in Climatology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Three hours lecture. Implementation of quantitative methods in climatology, including modeling, resampling methods and spatial techniques, emphasizing climate analysis software packages and data formats

GR 8542 Geographic Literature: 2 hours.

(Prerequisite: Major or minor in geography). A reading course with emphasis on library research

GR 8553 Research Methods in Geoscience: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of instructor). Three hours seminar and forum. Defining research problems, formulating hypotheses, collecting data, using analytical techniques, substantiating conclusions for geoscience topics; written and oral presentations of research projects required

GR 8563 GIS Research Applications: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: GR 6333, GR 6313, ST 8114 or equivalent, or consent of instructor). Two hours lecture. Two hours laboratory. This course examines the research cycle from proposal to peer-reviewed publication via case studies in GIS with applications for medical epidemiology, wildfire, and emergency management

GR 8573 Research in Applied Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Seminar. Discussion and application of current research in applied meteorology. Individual or small group projects with research presentations

GR 8613 Hydrometeorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Three hours lecture-video and online. Hydrometeorological principles with an emphasis on flood forecasting

GR 8633 Climate Change: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Three hours lecture. In-depth examination of changes in earth’s climate through time. Focus is placed on causes, measurement, implications and complexity of climate change

GR 8813 Advanced Hazards and Disasters: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Three hours lecture. Advanced study of the processes, distribution and impacts of hazards and disasters

GR 8833 Weather and Society: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: Consent of Instructor). Three hours lecture. Study of the role of weather in and on society through readings, discussion and research

GR 8843 Advanced Mesoscale Meteorology: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: MA 1713 or Consent of Instructor) Three hours seminar. Readings, writings and discussion of topics related to the mesoscale atmospheric environment with a strong focus on severe local storms

GR 8913 Philosophy and Ethics in Geosciences: 3 hours.

(Prerequisite: consent of instructor). Three hours seminar. Writing and discussion of topics related to the history and philosophy of science, professional and academic ethics, and epistemological issues related to the Geosciences

GR 8990 Special Topics in Geography: 1-9 hours.

Credit and title to be arranged. This course is to be used on a limited basis to offer developing subject matter areas not covered in existing courses. (Courses limited to two offerings under one title within two academic years)

GR 9000 Dissertation Research /Dissertation in Geography: 1-13 hours.

Hours and credits to be arranged